Bryoandersonia illecebra

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Photo by Kaya Lovestrand
Photo by Kaya Lovestrand

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae

Division: Bryophyta

Subdivision: Musci

Class: Bryopsida (true mosses)

Subclass: Bryidae

Order: Hypnales

Family: Brachytheciaceae

Genus: Bryoandersonia

Species: Bryoandersonia illecebra (Hedw.) H. Rob.

Descriptive notes

Bryoandersonia illecebra, also known as worm moss, is a light green to yellow-green or yellow-brown moss. The shoots branch irregularly in a dense and tangly clump. Leaf bases curve out and upward from stem and leaves cluster slightly at stem ends. The way that the leaves cluster around the stems make the stems look like little ropes or worms, and this does not change drastically when wet versus dry. The leaves are very thin, papery, and slightly iridescent. They are also broadly ovate, have slightly extended and often twisted tips, have small teeth around the edge, have a fairly faint midrib that ends below the tip, and scoop around the edges like a spoon. The capsules are rarely present, but are short and cylindrical with a long-beaked lid. The stalk is red.


General distribution and habitat

Found often on shady forest soil, but also on rocks or tree bases and sometimes in grassy fields and lawns.

Campus distribution

Specimen found slightly off of the blue trail west of the orchard, just before the pine-tree area of the blue trail on a medium sized but moderately moist rock.

Citations

"Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Bryoandersonia illicebra (Hedw.) H. Rob. " USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service n.pag. USDA Classification Report. Web. 30 Apr 2013. <http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRIL>.

McKnight, Karl B. Common Mosses of the Northeast and Appalachians. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2013.

FOUND BY KAYA LOVESTRAND ON APRIL 30, 2013