Bingham family in Bennington, Vermont
Members of the English line of the Bingham family in North America lived for generations in Bennington, Vermont. This portion of the Bingham family produced the noted Protestant missionary to Hawai'i, Hiram Bingham.
Arrival to North America
Members of the English line of the Bingham family first arrived in North America between 1652 and 1659. <ref name="binghambook">Munger, Donna Bingham (1996). The Bingham Family in the United States: The Descendents of Thomas Bingham of Connecticut. Bountiful, UT: The Bingham Association. (Template:LCCN)</ref> Thomas Bingham <ref>(b. 5 June, 1642 Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, d. 16 January, 1730 Windham, CT)</ref> was the first male from this line of the Bingham family, and arrived with his mother, Anne Fenton Bingham.
Arrival to Bennington
Thomas Bingham's son Thomas Bingham<ref>b. 11 December, 1667 Norwich CT d. 1 April, 1710 Norwich CT</ref> was born in Connecticut<ref name="binghambook">. Thomas Bingham's son Joseph Bingham<ref>b. 4 June, 1709 Norwich, CT d. 4 November, 1787 Bennington, VT</ref> and moved to Bennington with his wife, Ruth Post <ref>b. 15 October, 171 Norwich, CT d. 11 August, 1796 Bennington, VT</ref>, following his two youngest sons, Jeremiah<ref>b. 26 June, 1748 Norwich, CT d. 24 January, 1842 Cornwall, VT</ref> and Calvin<ref>b. 8 October, 1750 Norwich, CT d. 19 February, 1831 Bennington, VT</ref>.
Calvin and Jeremiah
The earliest record indicating Jeremiah and Calvin' residence in Bennington is from 1779. Calvin Bingham spent most of his life in Bennington, working as a farmer as well as "dealing in land"<ref>p. 4-12 Munger, Donna Bingham (1996). The Bingham Family in the United States: The Descendents of Thomas Bingham of Connecticut. Bountiful, UT: The Bingham Association. (Template:LCCN)</ref><ref name="hirambook">Carleton, Hiram (1903). Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont: A Record of the Achievement of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation. New York: The Lewis Publishing Company.</ref> In 1784, he held the job as surveyor of highways and from 1813 until his death was a deacon at the old First Church.<ref name="binghambook">Carleton, Hiram (1903). Genealogical and Family History of the State of Vermont: A Record of the Achievement of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation. New York: The Lewis Publishing Company.</ref> Calvin was Hiram Bingham's father. Calvin Bingham's farm, where Hiram was raised, was on the site of what is now Bennington College.
Calvin's older brother, Jeremiah Bingham, fought in the American Revolution. He fought in Captain Samuel Robinson's roll, as did William and Jared Post.<ref>p. 160, vol. 1 Hemenway, Abby Marie (Ed.)(1868). The Vermont Historical Gazetteer: A Magazine, Embracing a History of Each Town, Civil, Ecclesiastical, Biographical and Military. </ref> He held several brief political positions in Bennington, and was the first moderator, registrar, and a deacon of the Congregational Church.<ref>p. 347 Bingham, Theodore A. (1927). "The Bingham Family in the United States: Especially of the State of Connecticut: Including Notes on the Binghams of Philadelphia and of Irish Descent; Meiaeval Records; Armorial Bearings; Etc." Easton, PA: The Bingham Association.</ref> Following the end of the revolutionary war, Jeremiah moved to Cornwall, where he was a prominent figure in town life, buying and selling land as well as holding political and religious office.
The Descendents of Calvin and Jeremiah
Most of Calvin and Jeremiah's children born in Bennington left the town, many settling in nearby Cornwall or New York state. However, some did stay. Calvin's son Stephen Bingham<ref>b. October 6, 1791 Bennington, VT d. March 30, 1870 Bennington, VT</ref>, the only son of either to stay in Bennington, followed in the footsteps of those before him, occupying himself as a farmer, land dealer, and a deacon at the Second Congregational Church in Bennington.<ref name="binghambook"> Calvin's youngest daughter, Betsey Bingham<ref>b. April 18, 1797 Bennington, VT d. July 11, 1860 Bennington, VT</ref>, also stayed in Bennington. She married a wagon maker. Her sister Fanny<ref>b. January 3, 1802 Bennington, VT. By 1866, she was living in Michigan, still unmarried. See p.349 of Theodore Bingham's "The Bingham Family..."</ref> lived with her and her husband in 1850.<ref name="binghambook"> Of Calvin's 7 sons, there were "2 clergymen, 2 physicians, 2 deacons".<ref>Rev. Hiram bingham, May 23, 1860 personal correspondence</ref>
Noted missionary Hiram Bingham's father was Calvin Bingham.
Other Binghams in Vermont
During this period, there were descendents of Thomas Bingham living in other areas of Vermont as well. BF Bingham was a prominent high school teacher in Brattleboro. Merrill Bingham helped as a sheep counter in one of Vermont's most prominent sheep centers, Cornwall, which sold Spanish and French Merinos across the United States.<ref>p. 40 Graffaghino, J. Kevin (1985). Vermont in the Victorian Age: Continuity and Change in the Green Mountain State 1850-1900. US: Vermont Heritage Press and Shelbourne Museum.</ref>