Aronia melanocarpa

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Aronia Melanocarpa, Courtesy of Donald Cameron, copyright 2015
Fruit of the Aronia Melanocarpa

Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae

Division: Tracheophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Rosales

Family: Rosaceae

Genus: Aronia

Species: A. melanocarpa

Descriptive notes

Aronia melanocarpa is a woody plant that is characterized by leaves up to 6 cm wide, reddish, brown, thin, and smooth bark, and small white flowers with 5 petals and 5 sepals, which are produced in corymbs of 10-25. Aronia is a genus generally considered to contain 2-3 species of chokeberries, including the red, purple, and black chokeberries. Aronia melanocarpa, the black chokeberry, tends to be smaller, rarely exceeding 1 m tall and 3 m wide, and spreads readily by root sprouts. The leaves are smaller, not more than 6-cm wide, with terminal glands on leaf teeth and a glabrous underside.

General distribution and habitat

Found in anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), bogs, cliffs, balds, or ledges, fens (calcium-rich wetlands), swamps, and woodlands.

Campus distribution

Black Chokeberry was found along the path to CAPA, right across from the ceramics studio.

Other notes and Fun Facts

Chokeberries are cultivated and harvested both as ornamental plants and as a food source. The berries are sour, which is how the name "chokeberry" came to be popularized. They can can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They are used in making wine, jam, syrup, juice, tea, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures [1]

Citations

[1] Everhart, Eldon (March 4, 2009). "Aronia - A New Crop for Iowa"


Jhankin (talk) 12:30, 13 May 2015 (UTC)